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Within the System of Natural Areas are sites that represent some of the best, and last, remaining examples of the state’s original natural landscape. Natural areas are special places that protect rare natural communities and provide vital habitat for a host of plant and animal species, some of which are considered to be rare, threatened, or endangered. Locate one of our 79 natural areas below.


Smoke Hole Natural Area

Smoke Hole Natural Area
Natural Areas
Mississippi Alluvial Plain
Year Added
Hunting Allowed?
Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission
Featured by
Lonoke and Prairie counties
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Smoke Hole Natural Area, located in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, contains a mature water tupelo swamp surrounded by forests consisting of a diverse mix of upland and bottomland hardwood tree species. Some tupelo trees within the swamp are up to 60 inches in diameter. The natural area encompasses approximately 3 miles of Two Prairie Bayou, which is a tributary to Bayou Meto. The channel of Two Prairie Bayou is braided throughout the area creating an ill-defined network of channels.


From Carlisle, travel 9 miles south on State Highway 13. Turn left onto a county road and continue for 5 miles to the end of road. Park on side of road next to gate and walk east approximately 0.4 mile to the natural area. Caution: public access may be restricted from time to time by a neighboring landowner's locked gate.


Smoke Hole Natural Area is open to duck hunting, deer hunting (bow only), and small game hunting. It is not advertised in the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission’s Hunting Guidebook because the area has no legal public access. With permission from neighboring landowners, the property can be accessed by foot traffic only. We do not retain ownership records for our neighbors.